Ayurveda is the oldest health care system known. Its roots are in India, where it is still the major health-care system for about a tenth of the world’s population. In ancient Sanskrit, Ayus means lifespan, and Veda means knowledge – so Ayurveda means the ‘Science of Life’, or ‘Knowledge for a long and healthy life’.
Ayurveda was not simply developed over time through trial and error, but was originally seen and understood in depth by enlightened seers. So Ayurveda is not just someone’s theory, but it is considered to be an insight into how nature functions.
What the seers understood was that there are three controlling principles found in Nature. They called these principles Doshas, and they named them Vata, Pitta and Kapha. The three Doshas are universal principles, found throughout creation, including within the body and the mind, the seasons and the personality. They give a great deal of insight into how we behave, think, relate with each other, handle different foods and view the world, and give us deeper understanding of health and relationships – in short, how to be happy in life.